On December 29, 1937, a new Ireland emerged, under a new Constitution. Eamon De Valera drafted a new Constitution that came into its own on this day seventy-eight years ago and the island was known thereafter as Eire or Ireland, as it remains to this day.
The new distinctions in the constitution were largely symbolic, but there were a few important changes. The biggest changes were those that made the previously mandatory pledge to the Crown obsolete, and that stated Irish (not English) was the official language of the island. The new Constitution asserted the Irish identity and language at every turn and with force. When the British learned of it, they refused to accept the name for the whole of the island, making sure that their territory in the North could not be included. They also basically ignored the grab for independence.
So did many others. For many people in the world (including Ireland) this new constitution didn’t change much at all. Many governments continued to view Eire (Ireland) as a state in the British Commonwealth and did so until all governmental ties between the two countries were severed. This didn’t happen until over a decade later. However, from December 29th, 1937 on, this constitution has been in effect and relatively unchanged, despite questionable clauses about what a traditional family is and what roles or rights women should have. (thanks De Valera)